ranger is a console file manager with VI key bindings. It provides a
minimalistic and nice curses interface with a view on the directory hierarchy.
It ships with "rifle", a file launcher that is good at automatically finding
out which program to use for what file type.
This file describes ranger and how to get it to run. For instructions on the
usage, please read the man page. See HACKING.md for development specific
information. For configuration, check the files in ranger/config/ or copy the
default config to ~/.config/ranger with ranger's --copy-config option. The
examples/ directory contains several scripts and plugins that demonstrate how
ranger can be extended or combined with other programs. These files can be
found in the git repository or in /usr/share/doc/ranger.
A note to packagers: Versions meant for packaging are listed in the changelog
on the website.
- An easily maintainable file manager in a high level language
- A quick way to switch directories and browse the file system
- Keep it small but useful, do one thing and do it well
- Console based, with smooth integration into the unix shell
- UTF-8 Support (if your python copy supports it)
- Multi-column display
- Preview of the selected file/directory
- Common file operations (create/chmod/copy/delete/...)
- Renaming multiple files at once
- VIM-like console and hotkeys
- Automatically determine file types and run them with correct programs
- Change the directory of your shell after exiting ranger
- Tabs, Bookmarks, Mouse support
- Python (tested with version 2.6, 2.7, 3.1-3.5) with the "curses" module
and (optionally) wide-unicode support.
- A pager ("less" by default)
- The "file" program for determining file types
- The python module "chardet", in case of encoding detection problems
- "sudo" to use the "run as root"-feature
- w3m for the "w3mimgdisplay" program to preview images
Optional, for enhanced file previews (with "scope.sh"):
- img2txt (from caca-utils) for ASCII-art image previews
- highlight for syntax highlighting of code
- atool for previews of archives
- lynx, w3m or elinks for previews of html pages
- pdftotext for pdf previews
- transmission-show for viewing bit-torrent information
- mediainfo or exiftool for viewing information about media files
Use the package manager of your operating system to install ranger.
Note that ranger can be started without installing by simply running ranger.py.
To install ranger manually:
normalsudo make install
This translates roughly to:
normalsudo python setup.py install --optimize=1 --record=install_log.txt
This also saves a list of all installed files to install_log.txt, which you can
use to uninstall ranger.
After starting ranger, you can use the Arrow Keys (or hjkl) to navigate, Enter
to open a file or type Q to quit. The third column shows a preview of the
current file. The second is the main column and the first shows the parent
Ranger can automatically copy default configuration files to ~/.config/ranger
if you run it with the switch --copy-config. (see ranger --help for a
description of that switch.) Also check ranger/config/ for the default